Algae Classification. 3. These algal pigments aid photosynthesis and help algae make their own food. If you touch this type of algae, you’ll notice that it’s slick and slimy, which can help you distinguish it … Types of Algae. Chlorophyceae (green algae) Phaeophyceae (brown algae) Rhodophyceae (red algae). 1. Most of the algae are multicellular and marine algae (seaweeds). three types of marine algae known to human is Green marine algae,Red marine algae and Brown marine algae. In Xanthophyceae, Phaeophyceae and Bacillariophyceae there are 3 thylakoids per granum and pyrenoids are without starch plates. So-called for its elegant appearance, here individual cells in the filamentous branches of this algae are visible. In Chlorophyceae there are 2-6 thylakoids per granum and the pyrenoids are covered with starch plates. Contrary to popular belief, Blue-Green Algae are actually not even algae. It is the largest class of algae; They are commonly known as green Algae. Blue-Green Algae. Mustard algae Often the most misunderstood of algae types, mustard algae is a form of green algae that is resistant to chlorine and has a brownish-yellow color. Fritsch divides the algae into 11 classes in his book “Structure & reproduction of algae”. Rhodophyta (Red Algae) This is a light micrograph of part of the finely branched thallus of the red algae Plumaria elegans. The golden-brown algae and diatoms are the most widespread unicellular species of algae. They are basically aquatic cyanobacteria. Here are the 3 types of algae in pool Algae, a plant that grows in stagnant water, produces almost eighty percent of our atmosphere's supply of oxygen. Red algae belong to the class Rhodophyceae under the phylum Rhodophyta which is one of the largest phylum of algae. The chromatophores of different classes of algae differ in number of thylakoids per granum. Of the two types of Chrysophta, diatoms are the most abundant type and occur in the ocean as the different types of planktons. It grows in ponds, lakes, the ocean, and in pools, in turn becoming our most pressing inconvenience during the summer. Types of green algae include sea lettuce, horsehair algae, and dead man's fingers. There are five types of chlorophylls (a,b,c,d,e), two types of carotenoids (carotenes and xanthophylls), and two types of phycobilins (phycocyanin and phycoerythrin). Thus, we are enlisting the 11 most common types of algae, their causes and their treatments for you. Those algae are followed the sexual reproduction, they produce gametes under some certain environmental stimuli – such as temperature, salinity, and nutrients – become unfavorable. Defining algae in a pond is very difficult, but basically, algae is a simple organism that can be composed of one cell or many cells grouped together in a colony. F.E. This phylum contains over 7000 recognized species. There is three main Algae classification: Chlorophyceae – These are called green algae, due to the presence of pigments chlorophyll a and b. Among them, 6,793 species are found in the Class Florideophyceae. You must never forget that in scuba diving places where marine algae ubiquitous. There are three basic types of pond algae: Planktonic algae; Filamentous algae; Attached-erect algae; Planktonic Algae Chlorophyceae (Green algae) General characterstics of Chlorophyceae. Examples are Chlamydomonas, Spirogyra, and Chara; Phaeophyceae – Also called as brown algae, they are predominantly marine. you even don’t expect “the types of edible marine algae reach up to 100”, which makes marine algae identification more difficult. On the basis of photosynthetic pigments algae classified into three classes. 01. There are about 100,000 species of Chrysophyta found in both fresh and saltwater habitats. The chloroplasts in algae contain three algal pigments called chlorophylls, carotenoids, and phycobilins.
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