The royal capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom was at Memphis. A poorly documented Pharaoh, his reign was between 3 and 10 years long. 2004. The dynasty had many rulers with West Semitic names and is believed to have been Canaanite in origin. Thames & Hudson. Khakhaure Senusret III was a pharaoh of Egypt. Their chronological position is uncertain.[84][85]. Daughter of Ptolemy XII; forced to marry Seleucus Kybiosaktes, but has him strangled. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Therefore, he was the founder of the 1st Dynasty at around 3150 BC. Around 2055 BC, Mentuhotep II, the son and successor of pharaoh Intef III defeated the Herakleopolitan pharaohs and reunited the Two Lands, thereby starting the Middle Kingdom. Among his achievements was the building of the Canal of the Pharaohs. The Middle Kingdom (2060–1802 BC) is the period from the end of the First Intermediate Period to the beginning of the Second Intermediate Period. The following list of predynastic rulers may be incomplete. Younger son of Osorkon III and brother of Takelot III. Two of the best known pharaohs of the New Kingdom are Akhenaten and Ramesses II. Tutankhamun(aka King Tut) restored the capital to Thebes after the death of Akhenaten and restored the worship of the old gods. The following list may be incomplete: Regrouped here are predynastic rulers of Upper Egypt belonging to the late Naqada III period, sometimes informally described as Dynasty 00. Look it up now! When the 13th dynasty collapsed, the 16th dynasty to declared its independence in Thebes. dynasty (122-342) 1.1 Mentzeskarett I. Was a General during the, Regained much of the territory that was lost under the reign of, Continued expanding Egypt's territory until he reached a, Most likely a usurper to the throne. This page was last changed on 7 September 2020, at 23:11. Feeble-minded half-brother of Alexander the Great. They ruled from 837 to c. 735 BC: Rudamun was succeeded in Thebes by a local ruler: Not really a dynasty, the Libu were another group of western nomads from Libya who controlled the western Delta from 805 to 732 BC. This is seen as the first monotheistic religion. Alternatively, it may "only" been 64 years. This was the first of three so-called "Kingdom" periods which mark the high points of civilization in the Nile Valley. It included the pharaohs who had the Great Pyramids built, Khufu (Cheops), Khafra (Chephren) and Menkaura (Mycerinus). He had reigned for 94 years, longer than any monarch in history, and died aged 100. The names of the pharaohs still live on, despite that the first pharaohs ruled some 5000 years ago. The Thirteenth Dynasty (following the Turin King List) ruled from 1802 to around 1649 BC. The Twenty-sixth Dynasty ruled from around 664 to 525 BC.[97]. The New Kingdom (1550–1077 BC) includes the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth dynasty of Egypt, from the 16th to the 11th century BC. Identifiable with Prince Sethiherkhepeshef II. The 16th Dynasty may have included the pharaohs Sneferankhre Pepi III[56] and Nebmaatre. The Thirteenth Dynasty was much weaker than the Twelfth Dynasty, and was unable to hold onto the two lands of Egypt. He had reigned for more than 64 and likely up to 94 years, longer than any monarch in history. A female ruler also known as Tawosret. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Unfinished Northern Pyramid of Zawyet el'Aryan, Usermaatre/Heqamaatre-setpenamun Ramesses IV, Usermaatre-setpenre-meryamun Ramesses VII, Hedjkheperre-setpenre Nesbanebdjed I (Smendes I), Aakheperre Pasebakhenniut I (Psusennes I), Aakheperre Setepenre Osorkon (Osorkon the Elder), Netjerikheperre-setpenamun Siamun-meryamun, Titkheperure Pasebakhenniut II (Psusennes II), Ankhkaenre Psamtik III (Psammetichus III), Senedjemibre Nakhthorhebyt (Nectanebo II), Setepenre-meryamun Alexander III (Alexander the Great), Weserkare-meryamun Ptolemy II Philadelphos, Zur Aktualität von Jan Assmann: Einleitung in sein Werk, "Amenemhat IV Maakherure (1807/06-1798/97 BC)", "Giant Sarcophagus Leads Penn Museum Team in Egypt To the Tomb of a Previously Unknown Pharaoh", Radiocarbon-Based Chronology for Dynastic Egypt, Egyptian Journey 2003: History: King Lists, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_pharaohs&oldid=992499629, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2012, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Only known from clay and stone vessels found in tombs near Tarchan, Tura, Tarjan, and Nagada. [52], The Ninth Dynasty[56] ruled from 2160 to 2130 BC. Proclaimed co-ruler by father; later ruled under regency of his mother Cleopatra II, Proclaimed King by Cleopatra II; soon killed by Ptolemy VIII. Built extensively for a third intermediate period Pharaoh. Briefly married to Ptolemy IX, but was pushed out by Cleopatra III. The dates given in this list of pharaohs are approximate. The Old Kingdom rapidly collapsed after the death of Pepi II. Karnak King List (18th Dynasty); carved on limestone. Manetho wrote his history of Egypt in three volumes, translating into Greek from hieroglyphic and hieratic sources. List; Ahmose I: Ah-mose I “The Moon is Born” Neb-pehty-re “The Lord of Strength is Re” Ahmosis I: Dyn 18: 1570-1546 BC: 24 yrs. Lower Egypt geographically consisted of the northern Nile and the Nile delta. Joint rule with Cleopatra VI until 57 BC. The most famous member of this dynasty was Cleopatra VII, in modern times known simply as Cleopatra, who was successively the consort of Julius Caesar and, after Caesar's death, of Mark Antony, having children with both of them. Pharaoh’s daughter in Ex. Our pick for second most famous pharaoh of Egypt has to be Tutankhamun. His existence has been questioned. Caesarion (Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar) was the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. The first known archeologically attested female Pharaoh. He ruled from 1878 BC to 1839 BC, and was the fifth monarch of the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. Restored; reigned briefly with his daughter Cleopatra VII before his death, Jointly with her father Ptolemy XII, her brother Ptolemy XIII, her brother-husband Ptolemy XIV, and her son Ptolemy XV; in modern usage, the stand-alone use of, Younger brother of Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII, Infant son of Cleopatra VII; aged 3 when proclaimed co-ruler with Cleopatra. Topic. The position of a possible additional ruler, Seankhibtawy Seankhibra, is uncertain. The son and successor of Necho I, Psamtik I, managed to reunify Egypt and is generally regarded as the founder of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty. [80][81][82] Four attested kings may be tentatively attributed to the Abydos Dynasty, and they are given here without regard for their (unknown) chronological order: The Sixteenth Dynasty was a native Theban dynasty emerging from the collapse of the Memphis-based 13th dynasty c. 1650 BC and finally conquered by the Hyksos 15th dynasty c. 1580 BC. Restored with Ptolemy VIII; later co-regent with Ptolemy IX and X. Reconciled with Ptolemy VIII; co-ruled with Cleopatra III and Ptolemy until 116. [47] They ruled from either from 1805 BC or c. 1710 BC until around 1650 BC. South Saqqara Stone (discovered 1923, includes dyn. Ancient Egyptian king lists. 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