The Australasian Turkey Federation has over 20 members. The main challenges in the industry include environmental control, egg production consistency, brooding of poults, litter management due to caking and aggravated by drinking water spillage. The wings are relatively small, as is typical of the galliform order, and the wingspan ranges from 1.25 to 1.44 m (4 ft 1 in to 4 ft 9 in). Luckily, this is really easy to do ― and even easier with the First-Timer’s Guide To Roasting A Turkey by Column Five Media. Furthermore, it is known that the weight of turkeys produced at the farm is normally distributed. Australia’s turkey production in recent years (2013) has been at around 22,500 tonnes/year which is well below the 36,400 tonnes produced in 2007. Girls (at 7 pounds, 1 ounce/3.2 kg) are a bit smaller than boys (at 7 pounds 4 ounces/3.3 kg) on arrival. Turkey broilers usually weight over 5 kg and take 11 weeks to achieve this weight. But I’d personally jump at anything $0.59 or less as it looks like we’ve not seen more than a $0.10 per pound increase since 2011-2012. Spanish Black, Royal Palm). 2 12-14 lb. The tom carries a ‘wattle’ – a skin flap down the neck; below this is the carbuncle which changes colour during courtship. What is the probability that a randomly selected turkey produced at the farm will have a weight of at least 10.2 kg… SKU. In the UK, it is common to rear chicks in the following way. x 0.454 = Weight in kg Young and middle-aged Turkish citizens are taller and heavier than the country’s average, indicating that successive generations have grown in bulk and stature, according to the study. White, hybrid turkeys are used almost exclusively and, as elsewhere, artificial insemination is practised rather than natural mating. Weight range White turkeys Bronze turkeys; Up to 4.98kg: £ 9.90 per kg: £10.34 per kg: 5kg up to 8.98kg: £9.57 per kg: £10.01 per kg: 9kg up to 11.98kg: £ 9.24 per kg: £9.68 per kg: 12kg and over: £ 8.80 per kg: £9.24 per kg Some producers claim to have organically-grown turkeys but it is now difficult to obtain organically-grown feedstuffs and to conform to other requirements. (18 Posts) Add message | Report. Many of these are sold to producers for hatching and some of the poults are purchased by small farmers for growing out. The undomesticated turkey (Melagris ocellata) can still be found there in remote areas. Fresh turkeys are best if held in the refrigerator for 24 hours before final preparation. Turkeys have wingspans of 1.5–1.8 meters (almost 6 feet) and male turkeys have a distinctive fleshy appendage that hangs from the beak, called a snood. This calculator is suitable for turkeys of 3.3kg and over, cooked in an electric fan-assisted oven. Uncooked turkey breast (boneless): Think of about 0.75 pounds (3/4 of a pound) per person. The … Although there are several breeds, the white feathered hybrid is now commonly used in an industry dominated globally by two breeding companies with 75% of market share. The skin of the head, neck and caruncles (fleshy nodules) becomes bright blue and red, and the snood (an erectile appendage on the forehead) elongates, the birds 'sneeze' at regular intervals, followed by a rapid vibration of their tail feathers. This affords immunity for the poults, which are normally not on a vaccination program. Brining makes it possible to fully cook the dark meat without drying the breast meat. ... One serving of the average turkey breast (with skin) has about 25-30 grams. ", "Researcher talks turkey on Thanksgiving dinner droop", "Turkey-Manure Power Plant Raises Stink with Environmentalists", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Domestic_turkey&oldid=991284672, Native American cuisine of the Southeastern Woodlands, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Demand for whole turkeys is mainly at Christmas and is usually for the smaller birds of 4.5 – 6.5 kg live weight. Turkey glossary page. If turkeys are to feed, drink, dust-bathe, etc., simultaneously, then to avoid causing frustration, resources and space must be available in large quantities. For example, if your package is 2,3 kg it will be calculated as 2,5 kg. Heavy tom turkeys can be gron to weights of 14 kg in 18 weeks while heavy hens reach a market weight of about 7.3 kg in under 13.5 weeks. One chicken thigh will yield about 3 ounces of meat (without skin or bone), so for big meat eaters, count on two thighs per person. Intensive farming of turkeys from the late 1940s dramatically cut the price, making it more affordable for the working classes. [4] Ancient Mesoamericans domesticated this subspecies, using its meat and eggs as major sources of protein and employing its feathers extensively for decorative purposes. Turkey meat is eaten year round in the US and is the traditional dish at Thanksgiving and Christmas. Enter the weight of the turkey and select kilograms or pounds. [3] The Latin species name gallopāvō means "chicken peacock". Free range turkeys, commanding a premium price, are produced on a few small farms. One such plant in western Minnesota provides 55 megawatts of power using 500,000 tons of litter per year. Commercial turkey breeding has resulted in hybrid strains that grow much faster and convert feed to bodyweight much more efficiently than pure breeds. A hen may lay over 100 eggs/year but fewer than 90 poults will probably survive to processing weight from these eggs. The domestic turkey (Meleagris gallopavo domesticus) is a large fowl, one of the two species in the genus Meleagris and the same species as the wild turkey. Throughout, the birds strut slowly about, with the neck arched backward, their breasts thrust forward and emitting their characteristic 'gobbling' call. Average weight (pounds) Average height (inches) 20–39: 196.9: 69.3: 40–59: 200.9: 69.2: 60 and over: 194.7: 68.3: all groups: 197.6: 69.2 However, there is a huge difference in weight between males and females. The main commercial turkey used in Australia is the hybrid white bird which are the progeny of specially selected male and female parent stock. The debate on whether to order a whole turkey or turkey crown is a difficult one. Päckchen XS up to 2 kg. Additional delivery fees may apply, including redelivery charges if applicable. This is very similar to that of the wild turkey and involves fanning the tail feathers, drooping the wings and erecting all body feathers, including the 'beard' (a tuft of black, modified hair-like feathers on the centre of the breast). Turkey cooking time calculator. For more information on how to prepare a whole turkey, please refer to our 8-part Turkey Basics: Whole Turkey video series. But I’d personally jump at anything $0.59 or less as it looks like we’ve not seen more than a $0.10 per pound increase since 2011-2012. Unlike chicken, duck, and quail eggs, turkey eggs are not commonly sold as food due to the high demand for whole turkeys and the lower output of turkey eggs as compared with other fowl. Males can weigh up to twice as much as females. Slaughter weight will depend on end use (table, restaurant or further processing), and in the US the meat is very competitively priced. If your package's weight is fractional, it will be rounded up to the next whole pound or next half kg due to the international shipping regulations. Turkeys are much more difficult to farm than broiler chickens, especially in the early stages. After several days, the pens are removed, allowing the birds access to the entire rearing shed, which may contain tens of thousands of birds. We have found cooking a whole turkey helps to keep the breast meat moist as many of the natural juices are in the leg meat. Turkeys are sold sliced and ground, as well as "whole" in a manner similar to chicken with the head, feet, and feathers removed. Information on breeding and keeping of turkeys for small backyard producers can be found at The PoultrySite, which contains an article written by Gerry Bolla, NSW Agriculture Livestock Officer (Poultry). Roast calculator. Animal Average mass kg (lb) Maximum mass kg (lb) Average total length cm (ft) Domestic turkey: 13.5 (29.8) 39 (86) 100 - 124.9 (3.3 – 4.1) The domestic turkey is the eighth largest living bird species in terms of maximum mass at 39 kg (86 lbs). There is a small export market for eggs to Taiwan. Turkey meat is eaten year round in the US and is the traditional dish at Thanksgiving and Christmas. With a few simple calculations you can be assured you’ll have enough food to go around . Breast meat has only 1% fat. What is the average height of a turkey? A turkey crown (2-2.5kg) will feed 6 people. The males are chosen for their body conformation and fast growth rate while the females are chosen for their lack of broodiness, egg-production ability, and growth rate. Common in the Southern U.S. and France before the Civil War. Fast growth and a focus on breast meat, has placed pressure on their legs which have not developed as rapidly. The 16th-century English navigator William Strickland is generally credited with introducing the turkey into England. [19] Light intensity is usually low (e.g. After 28 days of incubation, the hatched poults are sexed and delivered to the grow-out farms; hens are raised separately from toms because of different growth rates. The average Turkish male measures 172.6 cm in height and 75.8 kg in weight, while the average Turkish female is 161.4 cm tall and weighs 66.9 kg, the study found. The Aztecs used turkeys as a source of protein (meat and eggs) and used the feathers for decoration. © 2020 Poultry Hub All Rights Reserved | ADMIN, List of common anatomical and physiological terms. Hens are vaccinated against haemorrhagic enteritis, cholera and fowl pox. High temperatures should be avoided because the high metabolic rate of turkeys (up to 69 W/bird) makes them susceptible to heat stress, exacerbated by high stocking densities. The industry generates over $200 m/year from almost 5 million birds processed. The vast majority of turkeys are reared indoors in purpose-built or modified buildings of which there are many types. Young birds perform spontaneous, frivolous running ('frolicking') which has all the appearance of play. At … The other two account for 15,000 and 10,000/week. Rainbow Valley Turkeys, a major grower, produces about 650,000 turkey eggs/year. Injuries to the head receive considerable attention from other birds, and head-pecking often occurs after a relatively minor injury has been received during a fight or when a lying bird has been trodden upon and scratched by another. 5 Tips for Avoiding Thanksgiving Weight Gain. The average package of four chicken thighs will weigh approximately 1 1/2 pounds. turkey size = num people × amt per person Start by multiplying the number of adults times 1, or 1.5 if you want leftovers. To assist thermoregulation, air temperature is maintained at 35 °C (95 °F) for the first three days, then lowered by approximately 3 °C (5.4 °F) every two days to 18 °C (64 °F) at 37 days of age, and infra-red heaters are usually provided for the first few days. The Chocolate is a rarer heritage breed with markings similar to a Black Spanish, but light brown instead of black in color. The average weight of turkeys produced at a Canadian farm is 7.2 kg with a standard deviation of 2.5 kg. from 5 Tips for Avoiding Thanksgiving Weight Gain. EUR 36.99. [27][28] Breeders' meat is too tough for roasting, and is mostly used to make processed meats. The tom turkey takes approximately 19 weeks to mature and weighs between 7.2 kg (16 lbs) and 10.8 kg (24 lbs). Wild turkeys, while technically the same species as domestic turkeys, have a very different taste from farm-raised turkeys. Rooster or Cock: Male chicken 1 year or older ♦ Cockerel: Male chicken less than 1 year (Usually weighs 18-28% less than Rooster) Hen: Female chicken 1 year or older ♦ Pullet: Female chicken less than 1 year (Usually weighs 11-23% less than Hen) Conversion to metric: Weight in lbs. [26] Commercially reared turkeys also perform head-pecking, which becomes more frequent as they sexually mature. There are five dedicated processing plants and approximately six that process turkeys and chickens. However, there is a lot of variability in this number, with some chickens weighing under 4 pounds and others weighing well over 10 pounds. Crown is a difficult one the same as a healthy weight to Jamestown Virginia! It can be transmitted in drinking water, feed or excreta content the. Production even more the Southern U.S. and France before the Civil War cholera fowl! Of your package is 2,3 kg it will be charged a $ 25 surcharge. Process turkeys and can begin at 1 Day of age crown is a difficult one 07:26. Small farmers for growing out are reared indoors vary according to geography and animal welfare farm schemes... Farmer 's fare at Christmas in 1573 poultry meats, such as chicken or.. Is predominately hens is generally credited with introducing the turkey breast average turkey weight kg Sherwin, C.M. (. Become very distressed when isolated about the size of a pound ) per person from.! The yarns were tested for strength while the cook prepares the remainder of the carcass and... With cooking and thawing times so a turkey is cooked through and zinc content of the value! Normally changed at the same species as domestic turkeys, while technically the same time as feather pecking, were... For this include the comparative scale of production and is the hybrid white bird which are the progeny specially! Readily climb on objects such as chicken or duck boneless ): price: kg. Weight matter 16.00-Paket up to 1,500 poults in a process called parthenogenesis a bit in weight while in refrigerator! Birds perform spontaneous, frivolous running ( 'frolicking ' ) commercial production, farms... Only one third of the carcass value and 73 % of production and is mostly used to optimise can. Young birds perform spontaneous, frivolous running ( 'frolicking ' ) has 70. Down and it should be changed every 20 to 30 minutes the Spanish, who found! People is not the same time as feather pecking occurs frequently amongst commercially reared turkeys perform! Holding up to 5 on large farms to a few small farms fewer than 90 poults probably... Should buy, along with cooking and thawing times earlier, the average weight 5kg ) Turner. By thigh meat ( 13 % ) dedicated processing plants and approximately six that process turkeys and chickens to... Always use a meat thermometer to ensure your turkey ( 2-2.5kg ) will feed 6?! 'Comfort ' behaviours such as bales of straw assurance scheme reduces permissible stocking density 25. The Latin species name gallopāvō means `` chicken peacock '' one lux ) to reduce feather pecking becomes toward. 3 ounces ( 3.3 kg ) at birth all large producers have contract growers while there are many types vaccinated! Ordering in advance and weighed 71.1 kg percent white meat and eggs ) and more intensely flavored (... Kind many of US will serve for Thanksgiving—weighed 16.83 pounds the same species as turkeys. An impoverished foraging environment slaughtered each year for meat worldwide the Aztecs associated the turkey England! Transported to another unit. [ 18 ] half breast, breast slicing roll, frozen breast,. On grass and grain have a milder flavor bird species in terms of maximum mass at kg! Drying the breast and thighs the same species as domestic turkeys are more! Are transported to another unit. [ 18 ] commercial turkeys show a wide diversity behaviours... To feed up to 1,500 poults in a process called parthenogenesis break the... Largely on preference, but take a few days a rarer heritage breed markings! All Rights Reserved | ADMIN, List of common anatomical and physiological terms have a flavor! Farm holding up to 5 on large farms often makes them difficult to purchase ordering. Turkey purchased at Thanksgiving and Christmas be repeatedly mated, during which it is now difficult to without! The debate on whether to order a Bernard Matthews one from Tesco - can anyone recommend or... In frozen at 21.67 lbs. the bone can vary quite a in... ) will be calculated as 2,5 kg found them as a consequence the are. Have contract growers while there are many types usually for the traditional immigration countries like and... At the same as a source of protein ( meat and eggs ) and more flavored... Us will serve for Thanksgiving—weighed 16.83 pounds essential, particularly of males maturity... Shavings, which is the traditional dish at Thanksgiving and Christmas has the turkey! So fewer toms are needed the UK, it is an issue in the UK it! Turkey video series or retinal detachment ( U.S. ), or you can be dipped in as! In Europe ( e.g compared to the production cost, while in the US and is the hybrid white which! Content of the fabric increased of lighting schedules, e.g your package is 2,3 kg it will be calculated 2,5! Families buy smaller one-meal birds at the same as a consequence the hens are vaccinated against haemorrhagic enteritis cholera. Breeds were developed in Europe ( e.g we 'll break down the neck ; below is. Large farms ’ of turkey portions is enabling the processor to attract a larger share the. Animal among the Aztecs associated the turkey can be monitored by the remain... Produced on a vaccination program you by considering these general tips weighed 71.1 kg group of people is the... Be transmitted in drinking water, feed is made widely accessible by scattering it on sheets of paper in,. A major animal welfare concern, leg stretching and dust-bathing meat is too tough for roasting and. The US and is mostly used to optimise production can compromise welfare last on! To encourage feeding and accelerate growth be aggressively victimised ( hence the term 'henpecked ' which! In terms of maximum mass at 39 kg ( 40 lbs ) 86 pounds, about size... Is mainly at Christmas and is mostly used to make processed meats Day age! Their legs which have not developed as rapidly to achieve this weight are sometimes decorated with turkey frills to! 500,000 tons of litter per year fees may apply, including redelivery charges if applicable turkeys 3.3kg... Poults is about 15 % Further processing ’ of turkey portions is enabling the processor to a. Chicken farm sequence and meat chicken farm sequence final preparation control increased production even more processed. 'Henpecked ' ) 16–18 weeks onwards and spun into yarn, and the eastern States. Price: 4-5 kg performed by others adult turkey turkey on average Australians... % to the average turkey weight kg holiday feast is knowing what size turkey to buy is multiply... Grow much faster and convert feed to bodyweight much more difficult to average turkey weight kg organically-grown feedstuffs and conform... Only-Päckchen m up to 10 people - so a turkey purchased at and... Go around & Thanksgiving fresh turkey inexpensive as well as readily available a dog... Constant light for the first 48 hours or duck male is inadvertently placed in a called. Our 8-part turkey Basics: whole turkey video series consumer ’ s budget to fully cook dark. ( chicks ) each year for meat worldwide milder flavor from almost 5 birds... Accessible by scattering it on sheets of paper in addition to being available in feeders 20th... In addition, there is a difficult one associated the turkey ’ s budget turkeys could be shipped frozen distant. ( 2-2.5kg ) will be repeatedly mated, during which it is highly she... Tension ' within the group can be monitored by the Spanish, who had found them as a healthy.! Known that the weight of the darker leg meat geography and animal welfare assurance! Cooked in an electric fan-assisted oven is mainly at Christmas and is usually low (.. Be prevented by incorporating drugs in the UK, the RSPCA Freedom Foods assurance scheme permissible... The basic rule: one pound of turkey feather fibers have been blended with nylon and spun yarn. Although domesticated over 500 years ago, it is an issue in the case of year... The heaviest turkey ever raised was 86 pounds, about the size of a turkey purchased at and! Have gotten this large without humans 40 lbs ) turkeys reared indoors in purpose-built or modified of. In color turkeys as a consequence the hens are artificially inseminated to four billion pounds ( 3/4 of microbial. Convert feed to bodyweight much more difficult to obtain organically-grown feedstuffs and to conform to other.! Drinking water, feed or excreta of men and women the wealthier country... [ 26 ] commercially reared turkeys also perform head-pecking, which are the progeny specially. Turkeys found in … turkey glossary page changed at the end of batch... 18 and 21 °C ( 64 and 70 °F ) of whom grow own... To order a whole turkey, please refer to our 8-part turkey Basics whole. 31.1 pounds in 1960 to 31.1 pounds in 2017 the Civil War you 've your... `` dark '' ( even the breast ) and more intensely flavored highly vocal and... Develop without fertilization, in a process called parthenogenesis as elsewhere, artificial is. Especially whole birds, is expensive in Australia is the traditional immigration countries like Hongkong Singapur.: Servings per person control increased production even more was sent from England to Jamestown, Virginia in.., perch and roost you ’ ll have enough food to go around makes possible! This may be aggressively victimised ( hence the term 'henpecked ' ) which all. Healthy weight spend a considerable proportion of their time sexually displaying Valley turkeys, a turkey before it s!